软件测试修炼之路 A Tester

Python操作excel文件

2016-08-18
Dex

0x00

openpyxl支持excel2007及以后的版本;

官网:https://openpyxl.readthedocs.io

0x01 Sample code

#coding=utf-8

from openpyxl import Workbook
import datetime

wb = Workbook()
ws = wb.active
ws['A1'] = 42
ws.append([1, 2, 3])
ws['A2'] = datetime.datetime.now()
wb.save('sample.xlsx')

sample.xlsx结果:

42		
2016-08-18 20:47:13	2	3

0x02 创建workbook

创建一个Workbook:

from openpyxl import Workbook
wb = Workbook()

要想使用它,就用openpyxl.workbook.Workbook.active()

ws = wb.active

使用openpyxl.workbook.Workbook.create_sheet()创建一个新的sheet页:

ws1 = wb.create_sheet("Mysheet") # insert at the end (default)
# or
ws2 = wb.create_sheet("Mysheet", 0) # insert at first position

修改sheet页的名称:

ws.title = "New Title"

修改sheet页的背景色:

ws.sheet_properties.tabColor = "1072BA"

Once you gave a worksheet a name, you can get it as a key of the workbook:

ws3 = wb["New Title"]

openpyxl.workbook.Workbook.sheetnames()检查所有worksheet的名称:

print(wb.sheetnames)
返回列表:
['Sheet2', 'New Title', 'Sheet1']

循环输出sheet名称:
for sheet in wb:
	print(sheet.title)

创建一个副本:

source = wb.active
target = wb.copy_worksheet(source)
# 只能复制表格和其风格,不能在工作簿中复制sheet页。

0x03 存取单个表格数据

A4的值直接赋值给变量c

c = ws['A4']

4直接赋给A4

ws['A4'] = 4

用行列标记给赋值openpyxl.worksheet.Worksheet.cell()

d = ws.cell(row=4, column=2, value=10)

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