软件测试修炼之路 A Tester

aapt命令用法

2016-03-08
Dex

aapt命令用法

官方文档太长了!说几个常用的命令。

1.列出apk包中的所有内容

aapt l -v -a app.apk

可利用cmd的重定向输入命令> 输出到txt文件,方便查看。

aapt l -v -a app.apk > aapt.txt

-v 以table形式列出来

-a 列出详细内容

对应官方文档为:

 aapt l[ist] [-v] [-a] file.{zip,jar,apk}
   List contents of Zip-compatible archive.

2.查看apk所具有的权限信息

aapt d permissions app.apk > aapt.txt

对应官方文档为:

 aapt d[ump] [--values] [--include-meta-data] WHAT file.{apk} [asset [asset ...]
]
   strings  Print the contents of the resource table string pool in the
APK.
   badging  Print the label and icon for the app declared in APK.
   permissions  Print the permissions from the APK.
   resourcesPrint the resource table from the APK.
   configurations   Print the configurations in the APK.
   xmltree  Print the compiled xmls in the given assets.
   xmlstrings   Print the strings of the given compiled xml assets.

3.编译打包Android资源

关键参数:

-f 如果编译出来的文件已经存在,强制覆盖。

-m 使生成的包的目录放在-J参数指定的目录。

-J 指定生成的R.java的输出目录

-S res文件夹路径

-A assert文件夹的路径

-M AndroidManifest.xml的路径

-I 某个版本平台的android.jar的路径

-F 具体指定apk文件的输出

举例:

一. 将工程的资源编译R.java文件

aapt package -m -J <R.java目录> -S <res目录> -I <android.jar目录>  -M <AndroidManifest.xml目录>

二. 将工程的资源编译编译到一个包里

aapt package -f  -S <res目录> -I <android.jar目录> -A<assert目录>  -M <AndroidManifest.xml目录> -F <输出的包目录>

4.打包好的apk中移除文件

aapt r[emove] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...]

5.添加文件到打包好的apk中

aapt a[dd] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...] 6.显示aapt的版本

aapt v[ersion]

输出:

E:\stu\monkey-edu\tools\dex2jar-2.0>aapt v
Android Asset Packaging Tool, v0.2-2355899

附上完全版官方文档:

E:\stu\monkey-edu\tools\dex2jar-2.0>aapt -help

Usage:
 aapt l[ist] [-v] [-a] file.{zip,jar,apk}
   List contents of Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt d[ump] [--values] [--include-meta-data] WHAT file.{apk} [asset [asset ...]
]
   strings  Print the contents of the resource table string pool in the
APK.
   badging  Print the label and icon for the app declared in APK.
   permissions  Print the permissions from the APK.
   resourcesPrint the resource table from the APK.
   configurations   Print the configurations in the APK.
   xmltree  Print the compiled xmls in the given assets.
   xmlstrings   Print the strings of the given compiled xml assets.

 aapt p[ackage] [-d][-f][-m][-u][-v][-x][-z][-M AndroidManifest.xml] \
[-0 extension [-0 extension ...]] [-g tolerance] [-j jarfile] \
[--debug-mode] [--min-sdk-version VAL] [--target-sdk-version VAL] \
[--app-version VAL] [--app-version-name TEXT] [--custom-package VAL] \
[--rename-manifest-package PACKAGE] \
[--rename-instrumentation-target-package PACKAGE] \
[--utf16] [--auto-add-overlay] \
[--max-res-version VAL] \
[-I base-package [-I base-package ...]] \
[-A asset-source-dir]  [-G class-list-file] [-P public-definitions-file]
 \
[-S resource-sources [-S resource-sources ...]] \
[-F apk-file] [-J R-file-dir] \
[--product product1,product2,...] \
[-c CONFIGS] [--preferred-density DENSITY] \
[--split CONFIGS [--split CONFIGS]] \
[--feature-of package [--feature-after package]] \
[raw-files-dir [raw-files-dir] ...] \
[--output-text-symbols DIR]

   Package the android resources.  It will read assets and resources that are
   supplied with the -M -A -S or raw-files-dir arguments.  The -J -P -F and -R
   options control which files are output.

 aapt r[emove] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...]
   Delete specified files from Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt a[dd] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...]
   Add specified files to Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt c[runch] [-v] -S resource-sources ... -C output-folder ...
   Do PNG preprocessing on one or several resource folders
   and store the results in the output folder.

 aapt s[ingleCrunch] [-v] -i input-file -o outputfile
   Do PNG preprocessing on a single file.

 aapt v[ersion]
   Print program version.

 Modifiers:
   -a  print Android-specific data (resources, manifest) when listing
   -c  specify which configurations to include.  The default is all
   configurations.  The value of the parameter should be a comma
   separated list of configuration values.  Locales should be specified
   as either a language or language-region pair.  Some examples:
en
port,en
port,land,en_US
   -d  one or more device assets to include, separated by commas
   -f  force overwrite of existing files
   -g  specify a pixel tolerance to force images to grayscale, default 0
   -j  specify a jar or zip file containing classes to include
   -k  junk path of file(s) added
   -m  make package directories under location specified by -J
   -u  update existing packages (add new, replace older, remove deleted files)
   -v  verbose output
   -x  create extending (non-application) resource IDs
   -z  require localization of resource attributes marked with
   localization="suggested"
   -A  additional directory in which to find raw asset files
   -G  A file to output proguard options into.
   -F  specify the apk file to output
   -I  add an existing package to base include set
   -J  specify where to output R.java resource constant definitions
   -M  specify full path to AndroidManifest.xml to include in zip
   -P  specify where to output public resource definitions
   -S  directory in which to find resources.  Multiple directories will be scann
ed
   and the first match found (left to right) will take precedence.
   -0  specifies an additional extension for which such files will not
   be stored compressed in the .apk.  An empty string means to not
   compress any files at all.
   --debug-mode
   inserts android:debuggable="true" in to the application node of the
   manifest, making the application debuggable even on production devices.
   --include-meta-data
   when used with "dump badging" also includes meta-data tags.
   --pseudo-localize
   generate resources for pseudo-locales (en-XA and ar-XB).
   --min-sdk-version
   inserts android:minSdkVersion in to manifest.  If the version is 7 or
   higher, the default encoding for resources will be in UTF-8.
   --target-sdk-version
   inserts android:targetSdkVersion in to manifest.
   --max-res-version
   ignores versioned resource directories above the given value.
   --values
   when used with "dump resources" also includes resource values.
   --version-code
   inserts android:versionCode in to manifest.
   --version-name
   inserts android:versionName in to manifest.
   --replace-version
   If --version-code and/or --version-name are specified, these
   values will replace any value already in the manifest. By
   default, nothing is changed if the manifest already defines
   these attributes.
   --custom-package
   generates R.java into a different package.
   --extra-packages
   generate R.java for libraries. Separate libraries with ':'.
   --generate-dependencies
   generate dependency files in the same directories for R.java and resource
 package
   --auto-add-overlay
   Automatically add resources that are only in overlays.
   --preferred-density
   Specifies a preference for a particular density. Resources that do not
   match this density and have variants that are a closer match are removed.

   --split
   Builds a separate split APK for the configurations listed. This can
   be loaded alongside the base APK at runtime.
   --feature-of
   Builds a split APK that is a feature of the apk specified here. Resources

   in the base APK can be referenced from the the feature APK.
   --feature-after
   An app can have multiple Feature Split APKs which must be totally ordered
.
   If --feature-of is specified, this flag specifies which Feature Split APK

   comes before this one. The first Feature Split APK should not define
   anything here.
   --rename-manifest-package
   Rewrite the manifest so that its package name is the package name
   given here.  Relative class names (for example .Foo) will be
   changed to absolute names with the old package so that the code
   does not need to change.
   --rename-instrumentation-target-package
   Rewrite the manifest so that all of its instrumentation
   components target the given package.  Useful when used in
   conjunction with --rename-manifest-package to fix tests against
   a package that has been renamed.
   --product
   Specifies which variant to choose for strings that have
   product variants
   --utf16
   changes default encoding for resources to UTF-16.  Only useful when API
   level is set to 7 or higher where the default encoding is UTF-8.
   --non-constant-id
   Make the resources ID non constant. This is required to make an R java cl
ass
   that does not contain the final value but is used to make reusable compil
ed
   libraries that need to access resources.
   --shared-lib
   Make a shared library resource package that can be loaded by an applicati
on
   at runtime to access the libraries resources. Implies --non-constant-id.
   --error-on-failed-insert
   Forces aapt to return an error if it fails to insert values into the mani
fest
   with --debug-mode, --min-sdk-version, --target-sdk-version --version-code

   and --version-name.
   Insertion typically fails if the manifest already defines the attribute.
   --error-on-missing-config-entry
   Forces aapt to return an error if it fails to find an entry for a configu
ration.
   --output-text-symbols
   Generates a text file containing the resource symbols of the R class in t
he
   specified folder.
   --ignore-assets
   Assets to be ignored. Default pattern is:
   !.svn:!.git:!.ds_store:!*.scc:.*:<dir>_*:!CVS:!thumbs.db:!picasa.ini:!*~
   --skip-symbols-without-default-localization
   Prevents symbols from being generated for strings that do not have a defa
ult
   localization
   --no-version-vectors
   Do not automatically generate versioned copies of vector XML resources.

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